What is “Dry Needling” ?
Dry Needling is a needling technique derived from wet Needling, where solutions like botox or saline were injected to treat painful conditions. They discovered that pain also diminished without the solutions. Since then Dry Needling is used in pain conditions based on myofascial triggerpoint involvement.
Dry needling for the treatment of myofascial (muscular) trigger points is based on theories similar, but not exclusive, to traditional acupuncture; however, dry needling targets the trigger points, which is the direct and palpable source of patient pain, rather than the traditional “meridians”, accessed via acupuncture. The distinction between trigger points and acupuncture points for the relief of pain is blurred. As reported by Melzack, et al., there is a high degree of correspondence (71% based on their analysis) between published locations of trigger points and classical acupuncture click here points for the relief of pain. What distinguishes dry needling from traditional acupuncture is that it does not use the full range of traditional theories of Chinese Medicine. Dry needling would be most directly comparable to the use of so-called ‘a-shi’ points in acupuncture.
Dry Needling is based on the theory of myofascial triggerpoints. A Myofascial Triggerpoint (MTrP) is a hypersensitive knot in a striated muscle related to palpable tight fibres in the same muscle. Pressure on the points provokes specific (referred) pain patterns. Since the first description of MtrP and it’s patterns by Travell and Simons [1,2], knowledge has evaluated during the past decade. eReearch shows a relationship between the size of the MTrP and the level of experienced pain.